Biography was taken from site:
U2 was formed in the summer of 1978 while its members
were still students at Dublin's Mount Temple School.
Bono (vocals), the Edge (guitars, piano), Larry
Mullen, Jr. (drums) and Adam Clayton (bass) played
small venues in their native Dublin and the following
year released their first record, a one-off three-track
EP titled U23. By January 1980, U2 had built up
a loyal following and the Hot Press (Ireland's leading
rock magazine) Reader's Poll placed them at the
top of five categories. In April 1980, U2 signed
to Island Records and one month later released their
first single, "11 O'Clock Tick Tock."
U2 began to work with Steve Lillywhite on their
first album in August 1980. The single, "A
Day Without Me," was released in the same month
and by October the group was ready for its first
European shows. The Boy album was released in October,
along with a third single, "I Will Follow."
During November 1980, U2 travelled to the United
States to play their first shows there. Back in
Dublin in January 1981, U2 collected nine firsts
in the Hot Press Reader's Poll. One month later,
at the final sold-out show of the British tour,
700 people had to be turned away from London's 3,000
capacity Lyceum Ballroom. U2 spent the next three
months touring the United States.
In June 1981, the first single off their second
album, October was released. "Fire" was
recorded at Compass Point Studios during a break
in the U.S. tour. October entered the U.K. album
charts at No. 11 after one week of release, the
second single from the album, Gloria, also made
the U.K. chart. European and American tours followed,
culminating in the 5,000 capacity show at Dublin's
RDS in January 1982.
The release of War in March 1983 marked a turning
point in the band's career: the single "New
Year's Day" was a U.K. Top 10 hit and the album
entered the U.K. charts at No.1 and went to the
Top 10 in the United States.
Recorded at Red Rocks Amphitheater in Colorado during
their U.S. tour, Under a Blood Red Sky was U2's
first live album. Upon its release in November 1983,
it topped the chart in the U.K. and reached platinum
status by January 1984. Rolling Stone magazine's
writer's poll voted U2 "Band of the Year"
In December 1983, U2 undertook their first tour
of Japan and it was during this trip that the group
visited the Unforgettable Fire -- an exhibition
of photographs of the bombing of Hiroshima - the
impact of which was felt in their next album release.
U2 started work in May 1984 on their fourth studio
album, The Unforgettable Fire, with new producers
Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois at Slane Castle outside
Dublin. The album was released in October and entered
the U.K. charts at No.1 Further touring in 1984
and 1985 saw landmark shows at London's Wembley
Arena, New York's Madison Square Garden and Dublin's
In July 1985, U2 performed at the charity benefit
Live Aid and then returned to Dublin to begin work
on their next album. They interrupted rehearsals
in June 1986 to play on a six-date American tour,
titled "A Conspiracy of Hope," to benefit
Amnesty International. The tour also featured Peter
Gabriel, Lou Reed, Bryan Adams, the Neville Brothers,
Joan Baez and the Police.
In May 1985, a specially priced EP, Wide Awake in
America, was released only in America. It featured
live recordings of "Bad" and "A Sort
The Joshua Tree, released in March 1987, established
U2's stellar status. The album went straight to
No. 1 on the U.K. charts and reached the same position
in the U.S. by April. When the Joshua Tree tour
kicked off in Arizona that same month, Time magazine
placed the band on its cover, proclaiming U2 "Rock's
Hottest Ticket." In eight months, U2 had played
more than 100 shows, The Joshua Tree had sold in
excess of 14 million copies and topped the charts
in 22 countries.
In spring 1988 collected two Grammy Awards, for
Album of the Year and Best Rock Performance. The
following October, U2 released the double album,
Rattle and Hum, produced by Jimmy Iovine. The album
earned the group two more Grammy Awards, this time
for Best Rock Performance and Best Video.
For 1991's Achtung Baby, U2 re-enlisted the production
talents of Daniel Lanois and Brian Eno. The album
was recorded in various locations, including Berlin
and Dublin and contained the hit singles "One,"
"Even Better Than the Real Thing" and
Early in 1992, U2 launched an elaborate tour called
"Zoo TV." During the tour, Bono adopted
an alter-ego image, which he dubbed "the Fly,"
a signal of his disillusionment with his mega-pop
stardom. The outrageous tour was followed up by
the 10-track CD, Zooropa.
After an extended hiatus, U2 returned in 1997 with
the electronica-influenced album Pop. The album
spawned the hits "Staring at the Sun"
and "Discotheque" and sent the group back
on the road on one of the most expensive arena tours
ever staged. The international PopMart tour featured
the world's largest video screen (150 feet x 50
feet), a 35-foot Mirrorball Lemon, a 12-foot wide
Stuffed Olive (on a 100-foot toothpick) and a single
100-foot high Golden Arch.
In October 2000, U2 released their first album in
3 years, All That You Can't Leave Behind. "Beautiful
Day," the first single (and accompanying video)
from the album, was released in late summer the
same year. It marked a triumphant return for the
band and its rock n roll roots, and it led
to the band dominating the Grammy Awards two years
in a row. In 2001, the single, Beautiful Day,
won Song of the Year, Record of the Year and Best
Rock Performance by a Duo or a Group. The album
wasnt eligible until 2002 when U2 took home
four Grammys, including Record of the Year, Best
Rock Album, Best Rock Performance and Best Pop Performance
by a Duo or a Group.